This technical brief is designed for people who are planning to respond to the needs of transgender people for the very first time. The audience may include transgender community members; staff of donor agencies; health workers; academics including researchers and staff of training schools for doctors, nurses, counsellors and other health workers; carers; policy-makers; nongovernmental organization (NGO) and communitybased organization activists; lawyers; school teachers and administrators; and staff of police, military, immigration and other authorities.
The technical brief reviews the epidemiology of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other health needs of transgender people in Asia and the Pacific. The determinants of risk behaviours, especially stigma and discrimination, are explored. The document also summarizes techniques for gender-affirming enhancement for transgender people.