Members of key populations experience disproportionate burdens of both HIV and violence. These epidemics are linked—violence increases HIV vulnerability and poses a barrier to HIV testing, disclosure and adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Addressing both public health challenges simultaneously is an important strategy for epidemic control and the protection of human rights.
The LINKAGES project developed a programmatic guide and three training manuals that support the integration of violence prevention and response activities and HIV prevention, care and treatment services in key population programs. The guide contains principles, step-by-step instruction, and sample templates and tools. The three training manuals build the knowledge and skills of health care workers, peer educators and outreach workers, and law enforcement officers to understand, assess, prevent and appropriately respond to violence in key population members’ lives. Each training is highly interactive and includes ideas for adaptation.