Transgender and hijra vulnerability to HIV is gaining increased attention from the Indian government. The most recent official national HIV prevalence estimate for transgenders is 8.82% (NACO, 2012), however other studies show up to 41% in certain areas. While reliable population estimates are not available, research suggests that transgenders in India may number as many as 750,000. Until recently, transgenders were considered a subcategory of MSM in the Indian national HIV strategy (NACP III), rather than a distinct gender identity.This poster, produced by the India HIV/AIDS Alliance, maintains that while significant challenges remain, the active engagement of government in partnership with civil society has been essential to the development of large-scale transgender HIV and health interventions in India. Further scale-up will be required to reach all vulnerable transgenders and hijras.
Targeting Transgenders: Expanding HIV Responses to Reach India’s Transgender and Hijra Communities
Media type: Document
Year of publication:
Key population: Trans*
Theme(s): Human rights