This document is intended for anyone who wants to know more about the criminalization of HIV transmission or exposure and the related health, human rights, and legal implications. It can help you to become more familiar with the latest laws, legal support, and other services relating to HIV in your country or region. The 10 key questions in this guide provide a snapshot of case studies and opinions from around the world; they ask and answer the key questions about the criminalization of HIV transmission and exposure – what it is and why it is an increasingly important issue now; and what are the human dimensions in terms of health, stigma, human rights, the law, and the experiences of people living with HIV. This guide provides resources and information to:
- Support legal advocacy and social mobilization in countries that criminalize HIV transmission or exposure in order to repeal or reform these laws;
- Consolidate arguments and document why the criminalization of HIV transmission or exposure is not an effective approach for promoting public health;
- Catalyse national and international activism to prevent future laws on criminalization being enacted or applied; and
- Support people living with HIV to become more familiar with legal issues and their rights.