CLAC's Resource Library contains many resources on key populations. To make a general search, add your keywords to the Search box located in the upper left corner of the website. For a more detailed search that yields fewer (and more relevant) results, use the various search filters on this page. To start, choose a topic from the dropdown menus below to generate a list of those resources — then use the other filters to narrow your results. After you have generated a list of resources, you may select specific resources by clicking on the headline/title of that reource. Indiviudual resource pages offer you the option to browse similar resources by searching key population, language, theme, and keyword tags. We welcome your contributions!
Female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender women—collectively referred to as key populations—are disproportionately affected by gender-based violence and HIV, yet little is known about the violence they face, its gender-based origins, and responses to gender-based violence. The purpose of this study was to understand the nature and consequences of gender-based violence experienced, to inform HIV policies and programming and to help protect key populations’ human rights.
Members of key populations experience disproportionate burdens of both HIV and violence. These epidemics are linked—violence increases HIV vulnerability and poses a barrier to HIV testing, disclosure and adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Addressing both public health challenges simultaneously is an important strategy for epidemic control and the protection of human rights. The LINKAGES project developed a programmatic guide and three training manuals that support the integration of violence prevention and response activities and HIV prevention, care and treatment services in key population programs. The guide contains principles, step-by-step instruction, and sample templates and tools.
From 2015 to 2017, the LINKAGES project, UNDP, and the University of the West Indies collaborated with gay men and other men who have sex with men, female sex workers, and transgender women in El Salvador, Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, and Barbados to conduct participatory research on gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV. Key population members were trained as data collectors and conducted 278 structured interviews with peers. This success story, which is also available in French and Spanish, highlights study findings and describes how LINKAGES, UNDP, and local partners have used the research to address GBV within HIV service delivery policies and programming.
Trans women conducted 74 structured interviews with other trans women in El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, and Haiti in 2016. We conducted qualitative applied thematic analysis to understand the nature and consequences of GBV and transphobia and descriptive quantitative analysis to identify the proportion who experienced GBV in each context.
This report aims to identify the critical enablers for community mobilisation of ICT use and support those involved in the HIV response to better articulate the added value that ICT plays in improving health outcomes and includes a summary of key trends in ICTs, case studies of current program pilots, lessons learned by the community thus far, and key considerations moving forward. It is understood that the full spectrum of needs and activities described above will not happen in a linear nor uniform way across Asia. Various factors such as local contexts, political environments, demographics of target populations, and capacity of CBOs will all impact when, where, and how ICTs are integrated into program use.
This report, which is also available in Spanish, presents high-quality evidence on the nature of violence experienced by female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender women in El Salvador and proposes recommendations to inform HIV service delivery policies and programming by making it more responsive to the needs of key population victims of violence. It is one in a series of country reports on violence, key populations, and HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean.
This report presents high-quality evidence on the nature of violence experienced by female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender women in Haiti and proposes recommendations to inform HIV service delivery policies and programming by making it more responsive to the needs of key population victims of violence. It is one in a series of country reports on violence, key populations, and HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean.
This report presents high-quality evidence on the nature of violence experienced by female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender women in Trinidad and Tobago and Barbados and proposes recommendations to inform HIV service delivery policies and programming by making it more responsive to the needs of key population victims of violence. It is one in a series of country reports on violence, key populations, and HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean.
This technical report describes the steps taken by the CHAMP project, the LINKAGES project, and community-based organizations to integrate violence response into HIV programming with and for key populations in Cameroon and shares key lessons learned from this collaborative, community-based process.
This toolkit was developed to help program implementers, particularly CBOs and others working in direct service delivery, to more effectively address safety and security challenges within their implementation of HIV programs for and with key populations. It is designed for use in hostile environments; for example, where members of key populations are criminalized and face elevated levels of stigma, discrimination, and violence. It seeks to amplify good programming through identifying and cataloging promising practices and tools, making overarching recommendations to address safety and security challenges, and providing a systematic approach (via checklists) to identify and respond to one’s own safety and security gaps. It also clearly describes the context in which safety and security investments are needed and the importance of these investments for an effective HIV response.
This case study is about the Consortium of MSM and Transgender Networks (the Consortium), a groundbreaking collaboration of global and regional networks by and for men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. It describes the Consortium’s achievements, good practices and lessons learned, with a focus on its most recent work. The case study is framed around eight key achievements from the Consortium’s action on HIV, sexual health and human rights.
Transgender (trans) women experience gender-based violence (GBV) throughout their lives, which impedes their access to services and contributes to poor health outcomes and quality of life. To inform policies and health programs, trans women worked with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)- and President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)-supported LINKAGES project, the United Nations Development Programme, The University of the West Indies, and local organizations to document experiences of GBV and transphobia in healthcare, education, and police encounters.
This document: (1) outlines the acceleration initiative; (2) describes the process and the progress made under it using examples from four countries: Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Malawi, and South Sudan; and (3) discusses some of the lessons learned. This information may be of interest to those designing and implementing programs for HIV or other diseases, including public health officials and program managers, civil society organizations, advocates, funding agencies, and policymakers.
The Regional HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care project, known in west Africa as PACTE-VIH, addresses the critical gaps in programming for key populations — specifically female sex workers and their clients, and men who have sex with men — across west Africa. As part of project closeout (July 2017), PACTE-VIH developed an "insight" series of lessons learned throughout five years of implementation. This resource highlights the importance, lessons learned, and tips for replicating activities to engage media in HIV programming with key populations.
In commemoration of the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence campaign, LINKAGES’ new infographic explores how HIV programs for key populations can address violence. The infographic highlights the global prevalence of HIV and violence among key populations, the impact of violence on HIV among key populations across the cascade, and six recommendations to integrate violence prevention and response into HIV programs for key populations.