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Le présent document contient des recommandations techniques sur les interventions qui permettent de prévenir et de traiter efficacement le VIH et les autres IST chez les travailleuses du sexe et leurs clients. Ces recommandations s’adressent aux responsables nationaux de la santé publique et aux administrateurs des programmes de lutte contre le VIH/sida et les IST, aux organisations non gouvernementales, y compris les organisations communautaires et appartenant à la société civile, ainsi qu’aux agents de santé.
Il est indispensable de cibler correctement l’investissement en faveur de la lutte contre le VIH pour y apporter une réponse efficace. Cibler les bonnes populations et les bonnes interventions à la bonne échelle n’est pas chose aisée.
Produced by ISEAN-Hivos Program (IHP), RAMPA is the name given to this collection of stories of significant change observed by community participants in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Phillippines over two years since the beginning of IHP in 2011. The stories come frommembers of CBOs in these countries, and RAMPA shows the vulnerability and strengths of individuals in communities of sexual and gender minorities who are most-at-risk of HIV.
Transgender and hijra vulnerability to HIV is gaining increased attention from the Indian government. The most recent official national HIV prevalence estimate for transgenders is 8.82% (NACO, 2012), however other studies show up to 41% in certain areas. While reliable population estimates are not available, research suggests that transgenders in India may number as many as 750,000.
The 2012 report follows the passing of a 2009 law by the Delhi High Court that decriminalized private consensual sex between adults. The report highlights how transphobia has permeated different structures of Indian society, family, and institutions, robbing transgenders of their human dignity. It documents the number of murders and extra-judicial killings of transgender women human rights defenders in Latin America, whose deaths remain uninvestigated by government agencies.
This journal article was published in 2012 in the SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, reviews an almost total lack of research focusing on transgender populations in Africa, which the authors conclude points to an important overlooked need. High HIV prevalence and levels of HIV risk among transgender populations globally suggest that there is likely to be a similar situation in African transgender populations, which would necessitate the development and implementation of HIV programmes specific to transgender needs.
This 2012 map, produced by the Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide (TvT) group, provides an overview of the human rights situation of trans persons in different parts of the world and develops useful data and advocacy tools for international institutions, human rights organizations, the trans movement and the general public. It is a comparative, ongoing qualitative-quantitative research project conducted by TGEU’s TvT team in close cooperation with 18 partner organizations and numerous trans activists and researchers in all six world regions.
Produced in 2012 by Transgender Europe, this report concludes that, with respect to the transgender community, most of the world still has a long way to go to catch up with Argentina, but the data the report gathers and presents is a testament to and product of the positive changes that have occurred in recent years with respect to that community.
Previous systematic reviews have identified a high prevalence of HIV infection in transgender women in the U.S. and among sex workers. However, little is known about the burden of HIV infection in transgender women worldwide. This 2013 Lancet article aims to better assess the relative HIV burden among all transgender women worldwide, and offers a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that assessed HIV infection burdens in transgender women published between 2000-2011.