CLAC's Resource Library contains many resources on key populations. To make a general search, add your keywords to the Search box located in the upper left corner of the website. For a more detailed search that yields fewer (and more relevant) results, use the various search filters on this page. To start, choose a topic from the dropdown menus below to generate a list of those resources — then use the other filters to narrow your results. After you have generated a list of resources, you may select specific resources by clicking on the headline/title of that reource. Indiviudual resource pages offer you the option to browse similar resources by searching key population, language, theme, and keyword tags. We welcome your contributions!
Key populations and people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Ghana routinely experience various forms of abuse — including sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), discrimination, stigma, and human rights violations — simply because of their sexual orientation or sex-related profession. Men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSWs) are especially likely to experience such abuses — alongside threats, coercion, arbitrary restraint, andeconomic deprivation — because their behavior does not conform to what society considers acceptable roles for men and women.
Although HIV prevalence in Ghana has experienced a slow decline in the past decade, there remains a significant epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSWs) in particular. HIV programming efforts of local nongovernmental organizations (NGO) required capacity building and organizational development to strengthen their ability to effectively implement, monitor, and evaluate HIV programs for key populations and people living with HIV (PLHIV). In response, FHI 360 Ghana was awarded Strengthening HIV/AIDS Response Partnership and Evidenced-based Results (SHARPER) in 2010 by USAID to reduce HIV transmission among MSM, FSWs, PLHIV and the sex partners of these groups.
Over the past 10 years, FHI 360 has implemented and refined a combination of outreach strategies — through the USAID-funded SHARP (2004-2009), SHARPER (2010-2014), and LINKAGES (2014-2019) projects — to overcome the structural barriers that prohibit key populations from safely accessing HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. Peer education, helpline counseling, social-media outreach, and outreach events have helped to fulfill a mandate of enrolling key populations in HIV care and treatment in Ghana.
There is need for sustained HIV prevention, care, and treatment, especially among key populations (KP) who comprise as much as 40 percent or more of new HIV infections. As activities are scaled up and more stakeholders and actors are involved in the provision of KP interventions, there is the need to ensure that a standardised set of services is provided to all KPs in a non-stigmatising and confidential manner. These Standard Operating Procedures have been developed as one of the essential and fundamental activities outlined in the National MARP Strategic Plan 2011-2015. They are designed to systematise the strategies employed under the NSP 2011–2015 and its M&E Plan.